**C program to find determinant of Matrix** : The **determinant of a matrix** is a **number** that can be calculated from the **matrix**. It tells us things about the matrix that are useful in systems of linear **equations**, in calculus and more. First of all, if you want to calculate the determinant of matrix then your matrix should be an square matrix i.e. MxM , otherwise determinant will not exist.

If you wish to calculate determinant of 3×3 matrix then formula will be something like below :

Say 3×3 matrix is :

Then its determinant will be like below:

Note : | | denotes determinant . That means 3 x 3 matrix has been broken into 3 small determinants

Now consider an example of 4×4 matrix :

Notice the + – + – pattern (+a… -b… +c… -d…). This is important to remember.

The pattern continues for 5×5 matrices and higher.

Now let us see how to write a **C program to find determinant of Matrix** MxM . The program will accept the order of matrix i.e. M as input from user and then ask user to enter the values of matrix elements. Then it will calculate the determinant of the matrix and returns the output.

### C program to find determinant of Matrix :

#include<conio.h> #include<stdio.h> int a[20][20],m; int determinant(int f[20][20],int a); int main() { int i,j; printf("----------------------------------------------------------------------\n"); printf("-------------------made by C code champ ------------------------------\n"); printf("----------------------------------------------------------------------\n"); printf("\n\nEnter order of matrix : "); scanf("%d",&m); printf("\nEnter the elements of matrix\n"); for(i=1;i<=m;i++) { for(j=1;j<=m;j++) { printf("a[%d][%d] = ",i,j); scanf("%d",&a[i][j]); } } printf("\n\n---------- Matrix A is --------------\n"); for(i=1;i<=m;i++) { printf("\n"); for(j=1;j<=m;j++) { printf("\t%d \t",a[i][j]); } } printf("\n \n"); printf("\n Determinant of Matrix A is %d .",determinant(a,m)); getch(); } int determinant(int f[20][20],int x) { int pr,c[20],d=0,b[20][20],j,p,q,t; if(x==2) { d=0; d=(f[1][1]*f[2][2])-(f[1][2]*f[2][1]); return(d); } else { for(j=1;j<=x;j++) { int r=1,s=1; for(p=1;p<=x;p++) { for(q=1;q<=x;q++) { if(p!=1&&q!=j) { b[r][s]=f[p][q]; s++; if(s>x-1) { r++; s=1; } } } } for(t=1,pr=1;t<=(1+j);t++) pr=(-1)*pr; c[j]=pr*determinant(b,x-1); } for(j=1,d=0;j<=x;j++) { d=d+(f[1][j]*c[j]); } return(d); } }

We hope you all have enjoyed the **C program** to find determinant of Matrix. If you have any issues with the above code or logic of above code then ask us in form of comment.

Very simple program but powerfull.Thanks pal……….

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slt je veux un programme pour calculer det(A)=0, A est une matrice, a un variable . je veux calculer det(A)=0 pour trouver ce variable (je vais tomber sur une polynome de degré 6, et je dois calculer les racines de cette polynome). merci d’avance

i want program to calcul the “valeur propre” d’une matrice 4*4 en utilisant polynome caracteristique

pls i dont knw if you can help write dis same code in c++ bcos am having problems writing it in c++.thanks

Can u plz tll me “What is the use of t ,and incrementing it if it not further used in program?”

Happy to know that u are on our generatiom

all the best & attain peaks…

– visitor™

/* Little improvement 2 above function – 10×10 is taken instead of 20×20 */

int determinant(int f[10][10], int x)

{

int b[10][10],c[10], i,j,k,s, sign =1, det = 0;

if(2==x)

{

det = f[0][0]*f[1][1] – f[0][1]*f[1][0];

}

else

{

for (i=0;i<x;i++,sign*=-1)

{

for(j=1;j<x;j++)

{

for(s=k=0;k<x;k++)

{

if(i != k)

{

b[j-1][s] = f[j][k];

s++;

}

}

}

det += (sign * f[0][i] * determinant(b,x-1));

}

}

return det;

}

showing segmentation error wen i pass input matrix of order 100 at line

b[r][s]=f[p][q];

program is not correct please check the program and upload

the program is very good :) thank you for everything :)

program as program does?

nice program!! Thanks a lot :)